1. Mameluke Army July 21st 1798
Battle of Embaba ("Battle of the Pyramids").
Estimated Egyptian deployments:
West Bank East Bank
Murad Bey Ibrahim Bey
5100 Mamelukes 2000 Mamelukes
12000 Mameluke Foot Servants 400 Guard Mamelukes
300 Guard Mamelukes 5000 Mameluke Foot Servants
2000 Maghrebi Sekhans 18000 Fellahin
1000 Bedouin Foot 1000 Bedouin foot
2000 Bedouin cavalry
Abu Bekir Pasha, Ottoman Governor
Embaba fortified camp
4 batteries@ 10 guns (old type, Albanian gunners)
500 Janissary infantry
a) Mamelukes were usually in regiments of 1000 cavalry with 2000 foot servants, who in theory followed up collecting discarded weapons and finishing off any wounded.
b) Fellahin were in 'battalions' of about 1000 men.
c) Sekhan infantry and Janissaries were in Ortas of 1000 men usually, 10 companies to the Orta. Each Orta has a Left & Right Wing, each of 5 companies, these generally equating to European battalions. Bedouin gathered together fighting in bands of 300-400 men.
d) Only Mamelukes, Sekhans, and Janissaries can form close order lines and columns, all the rest are loose order irregulars. No infantry can form square.
e) Murad was defeated, 2000 Mamelukes fleeing south, 3000 being killed, 1000 troops captured. Ibrahim Bey on the east bank fled with bodyguard Mamelukes and others to Syria, taking the Ottoman Pasha with him.