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 US troops July 1-November 15, 1814

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MessageSujet: US troops July 1-November 15, 1814    Jeu 11 Oct - 10:38

US troops engaged in the Niagara and Lake Champlain campaigns of July 1-November 15, 1814 v1.0
jeudi 1er janvier 2009
by Fitzhugh MacCrae
July 1 - November 15, 1814
Orders of battle given are for US troops actively engaged in the Niagara and Lake Champlain campaigns of July 1-November 15, 1814.
Unless otherwise stated, all artillery batteries are 2nd and 3rd US Artillery Regts., US Corps of Artillery
Information is given for unit strength at time of joining parent organizations, plus reinforcements received while in the field, thus reflecting maximum number assigned to each seperate unit.
Those units indicated as present at Niagara and Buffalo are field units of the Army of the Niagara, which operated on the American left flank, while those indicated as present at Sackett’s Harbor and Plattsburg garrisoned the stratigically placed fortress-depots that secured the American right flank.
The Army of The Niagara
At Niagara :
Commanding General : MG Jacob Jennings Brown ; 10/06, MG George Izard
Total Strength, Army of the Niagara : 15825 men, 24 guns

Total Number Infantry : 14297 men
Total Number Cavalry : 837 men
Total Number Artillery : 661 men, 24 guns
Total Number Others : 30 men
LEFT DIVISION (Total : 7995 men)
Commanding General : MG Jacob Jennings Brown
Div. Headquarters - 12 men
1st Brigade (Total : 2129 men) 2nd Brigade (Total : 1915 men)
Commander : BG Winfield Scott ; 9/01, BG John Miller

US 9th Infantry Regt - 642 men
US 11th Infantry Regt - 577 men
US 22nd Infantry Regt (4 co’s) -287 men
US 25th Infantry Regt - 619 men
Bde Headquarters - 4 men Commander : BG Eleazer Ripley

US 1st Infantry Regt (3 co’s) - 186 men
US 17th Infantry Regt (2 co’s) - 116 men
US 19th Infantry Regt (2 co’s) - 161 men
US 21st Infantry Regt - 917 men
US 23rd Infantry Regt - 496 men
US Marine Corps Detachment (1 co) - 37 men
Bde Headquarters - 2 men
3rd Brigade (Total : 2031 Men) 4th Brigade (Total : 1187 men)
Commander:BG Peter B Porter

5th Pennsylvania Volunteer Regt. -753 men
Swift’s New York Volunteer Regt. - 620 men
Canadian Volunteers Regt. - 56 men
Senaca and Tuscarora Volunteers - 600 men
Bde Headquarters - 2 men Commander : Col James Gibson

US 1st Rifle Regt. (5 co’s) - 259 men
US 4th Rifle Regt (5 co’s) - 282 Men
US 26th Infantry Regt. (Light) - 644 men
Bde Headquarters - 2 men
Artillery (Total : 413 men) Cavalry (Total : 224 men)
Commander : MAJ Jacob Hindman

Towson’s Battery (5 - 6pdr, 1 - 6" how) - 101 men
Biddle’s Battery (3 - 12 pdr) - 104 men
Ritchie’s Battery (2 -12 pdr) - 133 men
Williams’ Battery (4 - 6 pdr, 1 - 6" how) - 73 men
Headquarters - 2 men
US 1st Dragoons Regt (1 co) -74 men
New York Mounted Volunteers (3 co’s) - 150 men
NEW YORK 1st DIVISION (Total : 1541 men) Others (Total : 84 men)
Commander : unk.
7th Brigade (under tactical control of Left Division)
Commander : BG Daniel Davis

16th New York Regt. - 312 men
17th New York Regt - 299 men
18th New York Regt - 322 men
19th New York Regt - 287 men
20th New York Regt - 319 men
Bde Headquarters - 2 men
Company of Bombardiers and Sappers (2 - 18pdr) - 67 men
Detachment, US Corps of Engineers - 7 men
RIGHT DIVISION (Total : 4422 men)
Commander : MG George Izard

Div Headquarters - 11 men
1st Brigade (Total : 1641 men) 2nd Brigade (Total : 2251 men)
Commander : BG Daniel Bissell

US 5th Infantry Regt. - 394 men
US 1/14th Infantry Regt - 401 men
US 15th Infantry Regt - 420 men
US 16th Infantry Regt - 424 men
Bde Headquarters - 2 men Commander : BG Thomas Smith

US 4th Infantry Regt (8 co’s) - 555 men
US 10th Infantry Regt - 322 men
US 1/12th Infantry Regt - 532 men
US 17th Infantry Regt (8 co’s) - 399 men
US Regiment of Light Artillery (5 co’s as infantry) - 440 men
Bde Headquarters : 3 men
At Buffalo :

McMahan’s NY Militia Regt - 226 men
Vales’ NY Millitia Regt - 311 men
Leman’s NY Militia Regt - 297 men
Allen’s NY Militia Regt - 198 men
Harris’ NY Militia Regt. - 263 men
Brooks’ NY Militia Regt - 307 men
Artillery (Total : 181 men)
Archer’s Battery (5 - 6pdr, 1 - 6" how) - 181 men
Cavalry (Total : 338 men) Cavalry (Total:275 men)
Commander : LTC Abraham Eustis

US 2nd Dragoons Regt. (6 co’s) - 338 men
3rd New York Hussars Regt. (2 co’s) -106 men
8th New York Lt. Dragoons Regt (2 co’s) - 112 men
Rochester Volunteer Dragoons (1 co) - 57 men

DETACHED UNITS

Plattsburg Depot Total Number Infantry : 5599 men
Total Number Cavalry : 133 men
Total Number Artillery : 578 men, 25 guns
Commander:BG Alexander Macomb
3rd Brigade, Right Division, detached (Total : 2445 men) 3rd Brigade, New York 2nd Division (Total : 1277 men)
Commander : BG Alexander Macomb

US 4th Infantry Regt (2 co’s) - 127 men
US 6th Infantry Regt. (4 co’s) - 266 men
US 13th Infantry Regt (4 co’s) - 281 men
US 29th Infantry Regt. - 386 men
US 30th Infantry Regt. - 402 men
US 31st Infantry Regt. - 399 men
US 33rd Infantry Regt. - 427 men
US 34th Infantry Regt. (2 co’s) - 153 men
Bde Headquarters - 4 men
7th New York Regt - 429 men
8th New York Regt - 388 men
9th New York Regt. - 458 men
Bde Headquarters - 2 men
1st Brigade, Vermont Volunteers (Total : 1877 men)

1st Vermont Volunteer Regt - 622 men
2nd Vermont Volunteer Regt - 598 men
3rd Vermont Volunteer Regt - 655 men
Bde Headquarters - 2 men
Artillery (Total : 578 men, 25 guns) Cavalry (Total : 133 men)
US 2nd Artillery (3 batteries)
1st Battery (4 - 6pdr, 1 - 6’ how) - 142 men
2nd Battery (3 - 12 pdr, 1 - 8" how) - 138 men
3rd Battery (4 - 6pdr, 1 - 6" how) - 112 men
US Regt of Light Artillery (2 batteries)
1st Battery (4 - 6pdr, 1 - 6" how) - 89 men
2nd Battery (6 - 4pdr) 97 men US 2nd Artillery (3 batteries)
7th New York Dragoons (2 co’s) - 133 men
Sackett’s Harbour Depot Total Number Infantry - 5137 men
Total Number Cavalry - 554 men
Total Number Artillery - 248 men, 8 guns
Commander : BG Edmund Gaines
Regular Brigade (Total : 1525 men) US Army Replacement Depot (Total : 1293 men)
Commander : BG Edmund Gaines

US 6th Infantry Regt. (6 co’s) - 301 men
US 13th Infantry Regt. (6 co’s) - 327 men
US 20th Infantry Regt. - 488 men
US 34th Infantry Regt. (8 co’s) - 407 men
Bde Headquarters - 2 men
Recruits - 490 men
Replacements and Returnees - 803 men
5th NY Brigade, NY 1st Division, detached (Total : 880 men) Volunteer Brigade (Total : 1439 men)
Commander : Unk.

14th New York Infantry Regt. - 461 men
15th New York Infantry Regt. - 419 men Commander : Unk.

Denniston’s US Volunteers Regt. - 509 men
McCobb’s New Hampshire & Maine Volunteer Regt - 632 men
Albany Volunteer Battalion - 298 men
Cavalry (Total : 554 men) Artillery (Total : 248 men)

US 1st Dragoons Regt (2 co’s) -116 men
US 2nd Dragoons Regt. (1 co) - 72 men
8th New York Lt. Dragoons Regt. (3 co’s) - 157 men
9th New York Lt Dragoons Regt. (4 co’s) - 209 men US 3rd Artillery Regt (2 batteries)

1st Battery (4 - 6pdr, 1 - 6" how) - 109 men
2nd Battery ( 3 - 12 pdr) - 137 men
Northern TheaterTotals
Total Number Infantry - 25,033 men
Total Number Cavalry - 1,524 men
Total Number Artillery - 1,487 men, 57 guns
Total Number Others - 30 men
Total Strength, US Army, Northern Theater of Operations, 7/01/ - 11/15/14 - 28,074 men, 57 guns
Notes :
The above totals do not include certain numbers, such as the number of emplaced guns in the defenses of Plattsburg, Sackett’s Harbour and Ft. Erie. Nor do these numbers reflect the Marines and ships’ crews assigned to the naval squadrons on Lake Ontario (homeported at Sackett’s Harbour) and Lake Champlain (homeported at Plattsburg). Also not included in this order of battle is BG Duncan McArthur’s brigade of cavalry from Ft. Malden since they were assigned to the Army of The Northwest, even though they raided deeply into the territory in which the Army of the Niagara operated.
Finally, not included in this order of battle are the Federal, volunteer, state, and militia units of infantry, cavalry and artillery that were stationed away from the front, but considered to be a theater reserve in case of a successful break-through by the British.
Battles :
Engagements fought along the Northern Theater of Operations during the period covered by this order of battle were as follows :
Battle of Chippewa - 7/05/14
Battle of Lundy’s Lane - 7/25/14
Battle of Conjuncta Creek - 8/03/14
First Battle of Ft. Erie - 8/15/14
Battle of Plattsburg - 9/08/14 - 9/11/14
Second Battle of Ft Erie - 9/17/14
Battle of Cook’s Mills - 10/19/14
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