Ordres de Batailles

Les ordres de batailles des guerres de la révolution et napoleoniennes
 
AccueilAccueil  CalendrierCalendrier  FAQFAQ  RechercherRechercher  S'enregistrerS'enregistrer  MembresMembres  GroupesGroupes  Connexion  

Partagez | 
 

 Czarnowo: 24 December 1806 night

Voir le sujet précédent Voir le sujet suivant Aller en bas 
AuteurMessage
Patrice
Général
avatar

Nombre de messages : 338
Date d'inscription : 30/11/2005

MessageSujet: Czarnowo: 24 December 1806 night   Mar 7 Fév - 14:14

carte de Czarnowo: 24 December 1806


Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur
PaquitoSan
Ministre


Nombre de messages : 781
Date d'inscription : 28/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: Czarnowo: 24 December 1806 night   Mar 11 Juil - 2:47

Correspondance de Napoléon - 45° bulletin de la grande armée

COMBAT DE NUIT DE CZARNOWO

La division Morand passa sur-le-champ pour aller s'emparer des retranchements de l'ennemi près du village de Czarnowo. Le général de brigade Marulaz la soutenait avec sa cavalerie légère. La division de dragons du général Beaumont passa immédiatement après. La canonnade s'engagea à Czarnowo. Le maréchal Davout fit passer le général Petit avec le 12e de ligne pour enlever les redoutes du pont. La nuit vint; on dut achever toutes les opérations au clair de lune, et à deux heures du matin, l'objet que se proposait l'Empereur fut empli. Toutes les batteries du village de Czarnowo, furent enlevées; Celles du pont furent prises; 15,000 hommes qui les défendaient furent mis en déroute, malgré leur vive résistance. Quelques prisonniers et six pièces de canon restèrent en notre pouvoir. Plusieurs généraux ennemis furent blessés. De notre côté, le général de brigade Boussart a été légèrement blessé. Nous avons eu peu de morts, mais près de 200 blessés.

Dans le même temps, à l'autre extrémité de la ligne d'opération, le maréchal Ney culbutait les restes de l'armée prussienne, et les jetait dans les bois de Lautenburg, en leur faisant éprouver une perle notable; le maréchal Bessières avait une brillante affaire de cavalerie, cernait trois escadrons de hussards qu'il faisait prisonniers, et enlevait plusieurs pièces de canon.





Présence du 3° corps français sur Czarnowo et Nasielk
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur http://lesaigleslareforme.forum2jeux.com
PaquitoSan
Ministre


Nombre de messages : 781
Date d'inscription : 28/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: Czarnowo: 24 December 1806 night   Mar 11 Juil - 12:32

Russes Czarnowo 1806

15.000 hommes - 1.401 cavaliers
3 régiments (9 bataillons) (un 4° régiments de trois bataillon a été détaché)
2 escadrons de cavalerie (ayant détaché 4 autres)
1 regiment de cossaques

GL Ostermann-Tolstoi
commandant la plupart de sa 2° division

St.-Petersburg Grenadiers [? bataillons - ?h]
Pavlovsk Grenadiers [? bataillons - ?h]
Belozersk Musketeers [? bataillons - ?h]
Ryazan Musketeers [? bataillons - ?h]
Rostov Musketeers [? bataillons - ?h]
Yelets Musketeers [? bataillons - ?h]
Lithuania Musketeers [? bataillons - ?h]
1st Jägers [? bataillons - ?h]

6th division de cavalerie
Yekaterinoslavl Cuirassiers [? escadrons - ?h]
Kiev Dragoons [? escadrons - ?h]
Aleksandriya Hussars [? escadrons - ?h]

14 canons lourds (batterie de position)
6 canons légers (une partie de la batterie légère)




Français
Davout
Français
8.500 hommes
946 cavaliers
Art. pied lourde
Morand
13° léger
17°
30°
51°
61°

Marulaz
1°/2° chasseurs
12° chasseurs

La Tour Maubourg
Art. cheval légère
5° dragons
9° dragons


Dernière édition par le Lun 9 Oct - 13:21, édité 3 fois
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur http://lesaigleslareforme.forum2jeux.com
PaquitoSan
Ministre


Nombre de messages : 781
Date d'inscription : 28/11/2005

MessageSujet: Re: Czarnowo: 24 December 1806 night   Dim 8 Oct - 10:44

Osterman-Tolstoi had under his command in the area most of his 2nd
division- 3 regiments totalling 9 battalions (a fourth regiment of 3
battalions had been detached), 2 cavalry squadrons (having detached 4
others), 1 regiment of cossacks, 14 heavy guns (a position battery) and 6
light guns (part of a light battery). The bulk of these troops were strung
in redoubts along a ridge running from roughly opposite Pomiechowo through a
pine wood to a ravine flanking the town of Czarnowo (where he placed his
heavy artillery) about 2500 yards up the Bug from the islands opposite
Okunin. Below this ridge to the Ukra and Bug rivers the land, like that on
the island, was a miserable flat and marshy partially-wooded floodplain.
On the night of the 20th of December Morand had expelled the Russian
detachment from, and occupied, the remainder of the island. On the morning
of the 23rd of December Napoleon came to observe the position and make plans
for the crossing. Davoutâs troops executed Napoleonâs detailed plan exactly.
On the night of the 23rd of December, three battlions of Morandâs troops
formed into columns and detached voltigeurs to cover the emplacement of
Morandâs artillery at the riverbank. These voltigeurs then proceeded to
cross the remaining portion of the river in boats brought up from elsewhere
on the Bug. With the voltigeurs across, three bridges were put into place at
the heads of the three columns. These columns then crossed, followed by the
17th Legere regiment and then by three cavalry squadrons and finally by the
remainder of Morandâs division.
Following Morand, a battalion detachment of Gudinâs division under Petit,
one of his brigade commanders, crossed at the left bridge and moved along
the Ukra towards Pomiechowo, supported by a light company from Friantâs
division under Perrin which had crossed about 100 yards up from the island
and more importantly by Friantâs guns which threatened to fire into the
flank of any counter-attack against their front.
Morand formed in echelon back from right to left, with the 17th Legere now
leading the way. In this manner the low ground was rapidly cleared of
Russians and Morand advanced to the assault on Czarnowo.
The 17th Legere hurried well forward of the remaining French and burst
almost by suprise into the batteries in front of this town, only due to lack
of support to be driven away again by Russian bayonnets. As Morandâs main
body came up his 30th regiment organized a more thorough attack. One
battalion turned the left of the Russian line at Czarnowo through the ravine
along the Bug, a second battalion turned the Russian right near the town
through the pine wood and the third battalion advanced on the front of the
position. The remainder of the division followed in support with cavalry to
the rear of the center. The first attacks were turned back by the crack
troops of the 2nd division, but it was apparent that the position must
eventually fall to French numbers so Osterman-Tolstoi was forced in
characteristically Russian fasion to dispatch his heavy guns towards
Nasielsk to avoid their loss.
On the French left Petitâs battalion advanced under supporting fire from
Friantâs guns and were thus able to capture the line of redoubts on their
front, from which the light guns had been withdrawn to Czarnowo just in time
to avoid capture. The French lacked troops on this front for a pursuit and
this made the Russians realize how weak this sector was. Accordingly the
Russian cavalry was sent against Petit, who resisted them and their
supporting infantry largely through flanking artillery fire from Pomiechowo
but also through further re-inforcements (probably Petitâs four remaining
battalions) from the remainder of Gudinâs division which continued to pour
across the Bug at Okunin.
Before dawn Czarnowo finally succumbed to French numbers.
Osterman-Tolstoiâs detached troops (a regiment of infantry and some cavalry
squadrons) arrived allowing him to pull out of the line towards Nasielsk
following the route taken by his heavy guns as the French spread onto the
plateau beyond the ridge the Russians had originally occupied. Friantâs
division came over the bridges around Okunin about this time and took over
the pursuit, passing the lines about daybreak and reaching Nasielsk about noon.
All in all the action had lasted about nine cold, dark, wet and miserable
hours from Morandâs deployment after dark at seven the previous evening
until about four the next morning, still well before dawn, when
Osterman-Tolstoi ordered the final withdraw. Osterman-Tolstoi reported his
losses at 500, although other sources have confirmed his Russians had a
total of 1,392 men killed and wounded. Davout claimed the loss of 807 men,
although since he did not include the cavalry nor Petitâs troops his total
loss was probably higher than the Russian total. Davoutâs loss in officers
was especially high, as expected for a well-led night attack. But the
results justified Napoleonâs confidence in Davoutâs troops evidenced by his
decision to make a night attack. By dong so he avoided the losses which
would have associated with constructing bridges and advancing over the low
ground all under the fire of the Russian artillery.
Revenir en haut Aller en bas
Voir le profil de l'utilisateur http://lesaigleslareforme.forum2jeux.com
Contenu sponsorisé




MessageSujet: Re: Czarnowo: 24 December 1806 night   

Revenir en haut Aller en bas
 
Czarnowo: 24 December 1806 night
Voir le sujet précédent Voir le sujet suivant Revenir en haut 
Page 1 sur 1
 Sujets similaires
-
» SMOOTH.NIGHT
» Trailer: Fate stay night
» Bloody Night Rabbit rpg
» Night Wolves RPG'
» Dylan Dog: Dead of Night

Permission de ce forum:Vous ne pouvez pas répondre aux sujets dans ce forum
Ordres de Batailles :: Ordres de batailles :: Quatrième Coalition :: Campagne de Pologne 1806-1807-
Sauter vers: